(Received: November 21, 2008; Accepted for publication: April 23, 2009; Advance publication: June 2, 2009)
To analyze the mechanism of the b-hydrogen elimination process of h3-1,1-dimethylallylpalladium compounds, we assumed the plausible intermediates and transition states for composing the possible pathways. Their geometry optimization, and vibrational frequencies and energy calculations were carried out with density functional theory (DFT) at the B3LYP level. The most suitable pathway was that in which the allylic ligand transformed from h3- to h1-allyl form having agnostic interaction between b-hydrogen and palladium atoms, and succeeding elimination of b-hydrogen gave 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene moiety with low activation energy (9.76 kcal/mol).
$B%-!<%o!<%I(B: Palladium complex, b-hydrogen elimination, b-elimination, DFT calculation
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